Civil Rights Act of 1968

Despite the Civil Rights Act of 1964, enforcement of its anti-discrimination provisions were difficult to enforce

  • The law only banned discrimination in public places and didn’t address private facilities

Civil Rights leaders turned their attention to a specific example of  “private” discrimination: housing

  • African-Americans faced widespread discrimination in the North and South when it came to housing
  • Leaders pushed for Congress to pass a Fair Housing Act that made discrimination illegal for sale, rental and/or financing of housing

When Dr. King was assassinated in April of 1968, race riots erupted in most cities

  • The day after, President Johnson asked Congress to pass the proposed fair housing law
  • Civil Rights Act of 1968 (also called the Fair Housing Act), was passed by both Houses of Congress a few days later, giving the federal government the authority to address discrimination against African-Americans in the housing industry

Over time, the protection from discrimination has expanded to other minority groups as exclusion based on gender and disability

Comments are closed.