Presidential Decisions



1. George Washington (1789-1797) No party

  • Creation of the Presidential cabinet
  • Suppressing the Whiskey Rebellion
  • Issuing his Farewell Address

2. John Adams (1797-1801) Federalist

  • Relying on diplomacy in the XYZ Affair
  • Signing the Alien and Sedition Acts
  • Creation of the U. S. Navy

3. Thomas Jefferson (1801-1809) Democratic-Republican

  • Refusing to grant Adams’ midnight appointments
  • Louisiana Purchase
  • Asking Congress to pass the Embargo Act of 1807

4. James Madison (1809-1817) Democratic-Republican

  • Fighting the War of 1812

5. James Monroe (1817-1825) Democratic-Republican

  • Issuing the Monroe Doctrine
  • Signing the Missouri Compromise

6. John Quincy Adams (1825-1829) Democratic-Republican

  • Not using the spoils system after beign accused of making the “corrupt bargain”

7. Andrew Jackson (1829-1837) Democrat

  • Killing the Bank of the United States
  • Asking Congress to pass the Indian Removal Act


8. Martin Van Buren (1837-1841) Democrat

  • Enforcing the Indian Removal Act (Trial of Tears)

9. William Henry Harrison (1841-1841—died in office) Whig


10. John Tyler (1841-1845) Whig


11. James K. Polk (1845-1849) Democrat

  • Sending troops to the disputed territory over the Rio Grande River
  • Negotiating the Oregon Territory’s border with Great Britain

12. Zachary Taylor (1849-1850) Whig


13. Millard Fillmore (1850-1853) Whig


14. Franklin Pierce (1853-1857) Democrat


15. James Buchanan (1857-1861) Democrat


16. Abraham Lincoln (1861-1865) Republican

  • Not removing federal troops from Fort Sumter in South Carolina
  • Attempting to preserve the Union and not allowing secession
  • Suspending habeas corpus
  • Issuing the executive order called the Emancipation Proclamation
  • Pushing for the proposal of the 13th Amendment before the end of the Civil War

17. Andrew Johnson (1865-1869) Democrat/National Union

  • Adopting a lenient Reconstruction plan
  • Vetoing Reconstruction laws passed by Radical Republicans

18. Ulysses S. Grant (1869-1877) Republican


19. Rutherford B. Hayes (1877-1881) Republican

  • Making the Compromise of 1877 to become President

20. James A.Garfield (1881—died in office) Republican


21. Chester A. Arthur (1881-1885) Republican


22. Grover Cleveland (1885-1889) Democrat


23. Benjamin Harrison (1889-1893) Republican


24. Grover Cleveland (1893-1897) Democrat


25. William McKinley (1897-1901) Republican

  • Attempting to avoid the Spanish-American War

26. Theodore Roosevelt (1901-1909) Republican

  • Enforcing the Sherman Anti-Trust Act on J. P. Morgan’s Northern Securities Corporation
  • Asking Congress to pass the Meat Inspection Act
  • Securing the right to build the Panama Canal
  • Issuing the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
  • Not running for President in 1904

27. William Howard Taft (1909-1913) Republican


28. Woodrow Wilson (1913-1921) Democrat

  • Signing the Federal Reserve Act into law
  • Asking Congress for a declaration of war on Germany
  • Formulating the Fourteen Points of Light peace plan
  • Changing to support the women’s suffrage movement

29. Warren G. Harding (1921-1923) Republican


30. Calvin Coolidge (1923-1929) Republican


31. Herbert Hoover (1929-1933) Republican

  • Refusing to provide government assistance during the Great Depression
  • Sending General Douglas MacArthur to send the Bonus Army home

32. Franklin D. Roosevelt (1933-1945) Democrat

  • Declaring the Bank Holiday
  • Creating alphabet soup agencies during the Great Depression
  • Pursuing his “Court-packing” plan
  • Asking Congress for a declaration of war against Japan
  • Signing the Servicemen’s Readjustment Act, creating the G. I. Bill of Rights

33. Harry S. Truman (1945-1953) Democrat

  • Authorizing the use of the atomic bombs on Japan
  • Establishing the Truman Doctrine
  • Firing General Douglass MacArthur

  1. Dwight D. Eisenhower (1953-1961) Republican
  • Signing the Federal Highway Act
  • Sending troops to Little Rock, Arkansas

  1. John F. Kennedy (1961-1963) Democrat
  • Setting the goal of landing on the moon
  • Placing an embargo on Cuba
  • Deciding to blockade Cuba during the Cuban Missile Crisis

  1. Lyndon B. Johnson (1963-1969) Democrat
  • Initiating the War on Poverty as part of the Great Society
  • Signing the Civil Rights Act of 1964
  • Signing the Voting Rights Act
  • Asking Congress to adopt the Gulf of Tonkin Resolutions

  1. Richard Nixon (1969-1974) Republican
  • Opening diplomatic relations with the People’s Republic of China
  • Attempting to stop the New York Times from publishing the Pentagon Papers
  • Refusing to hand over the Oval Office tapes to Watergate investigators
  • Resigning from office

  1. Gerald Ford (1974-1977) Republican
  • Pardoning Richard Nixon

  1. Jimmy Carter (1977-1981) Democrat
  • Negotiating the Camp David Accords
  • Attempting to rescue hostages in Iran

  1. Ronald Reagan (1981-1989) Republican
  • Negotiating the Strategic Arms Limitation Agreement II treaty with the Soviet Union
  • Advocating increased military spending and the development of “Star Wars

  1. George H. W. Bush (1989-1993) Republican
  • Sending troops to Kuwait

  1. Bill Clinton (1993-2001) Democrat
  • Negotiating the North American Free Trade Agreement with Mexico and Canada

  1. George W. Bush (2001-2009) Republican
  • Sending troops to Afghanistan
  • Sending troops to Iraq

  1. Barack Obama (2009-present) Democrat
  • Asking Congress to provide corporate bailouts
  • Asking Congress to pass the Affordable Care Act
  • Authorizing the mission to go after Osama bin Laden in Pakistan

U. S. History & Government Regents Review Page


Comments are closed.