Essay Practice

Mr. Spencer’s Regents Essay Survival Guide

Thematic Essay with Graphic Organizers

2016.08Economic Policy:
• creation of the Bank of the United States in 1790
• passage of the Pacific Railway Act (transcontinental railroad) in 1862
• passage of the Homestead Act in 1862
• passage of the Sherman Antitrust Act in 1890
• adoption of the income tax (16th) amendment in 1913
• formation of the Tennessee Valley Authority in 1933
• creation of the Social Security system in 1935
• passage of the Interstate Highway Act in 1956
ratification of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in 1993
Large-scale migrations of Americans:
• movement of settlers westward during the 1800s
• movement of African Americans to northern cities in the early 20th century
• movement of people to the Sun Belt since World War II.
2016.06Major reform movements during the period from 1820 to 1933
abolition movement
• woman’s suffrage movement
• temperance movement (prohibition)
consumer protection movement
• labor movement
• conservation movement
Wars fought to protect national security and promote the national interest:
Spanish-American War (1898
• Korean War (1950–1953)
• Persian Gulf War (1991)
2016.01Foreign PolicyLatin America and the Caribbean
• issuance of the Monroe Doctrine in1823
• declaration of war against Mexico in 1846
• declaration of war against Spain in 1898
• acquisition of the Panama Canal Zone in 1903
Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine in 1904
• announcement of the Good Neighbor Policy in 1933
naval blockade of Cuba in 1962
• adoption of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in 1994
Conflicts between the branches of government:
• President Andrea Jackson’s refusal to enforce a Supreme Court decision
• Senate’s debate over the Treaty of Versailles negotiated by President Woodrow Wilson
• investigation by Congress of President Richard Nixon’s role in the Watergate affair
2015.08Foreign Policy
James K. Polk’s decision to send troops to the Rio Grande (1846)
• William McKinley’s decision to annex the Philippines (1898)
• Woodrow Wilson’s support for the Treaty of Versailles (1919–1920)
Franklin D. Roosevelt’s aid to Great Britain before United States entry into World War II (1939–1941)
Harry Truman’s decision to defend South Korea (1950–1953)
Lyndon B. Johnson’s decision to send combat troops to South Vietnam (1965)
George W. Bush’s decision to invade Iraq (2003)
Reform groups:
• African Americans
• Industrial workers
• persons with disabilities
• American Anti-Slavery Society (1833)
• National Woman Suffrage Association (1869)
• Woman’s Christian Temperance Union (1874)
American Federation of Labor (1886)
Populist Party (1890)
Anti-Defamation League (1913)
• United Farm Workers (1966)
• National Organization for Women (1966)
Presidential actions:
Andrew Jackson’s Indian removal policy
• Theodore Roosevelt’s support for consumer protection
Lyndon Johnson’s support for civil rights
2015.01Congressional Legislation
Missouri Compromise (1820)
Fugitive Slave Act (1850)
• Homestead Act (1862)
Meat Inspection Act (1906)
Federal Reserve Act (1913)
Wagner Act/National Labor Relations Act (1935)
• Interstate Highway Act (1956)
• Civil Rights Act (1964)
Title IX of the Education Amendments (1972)
• North American Free Trade Agreement (1992)
Presidential decisions affecting civil liberties
Abraham Lincoln’s suspension of habeas corpus
• Franklin D. Roosevelt’s executive order to relocate Japanese Americans
• George W. Bush’s signing of the USA Patriot Act
• Cotton gin—plantation economy (1793–1860)
• Railroads—local and national markets (1830–1900)
• Steel plow—farming on the Great Plains (1860–1940)
• Elevators—urbanization (1890–present)
• Automobile—population distribution (1920–1980)
• Nuclear energy—practical or military applications (1940–present)
• Television—political campaigns (1960–present)
United States foreign policy: wars
• Korea (1950–1953)
• Vietnam (1955–1973)
• Persian Gulf (1990–1991)
2014.06Change—The Supreme Court
• Worcester v. Georgia (1832)
Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
• Schenck v. United States (1919)
• Korematsu v. United States (1944)
• Engel v. Vitale (1962)
• Miranda v. Arizona (1966)
• New York Times v. United States (1971)
• Roe v. Wade (1973)
• United States v. Nixon (1974)
Writers/public awareness of critical issues:
• Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. (“Letter from Birmingham Jail”)
• Rachel Carson (Silent Spring)
Betty Friedan (The Feminine Mystique)
2014.01Geography—Territorial Acquisition
• Ohio River valley (1783)
Louisiana Territory (1803)
• Florida (1819)
• Texas (1845)
Oregon Territory (1846)
• California (1848)
• Alaska (1867)
• Hawaii (1898)
• Puerto Rico (1899)
Presidents Woodrow Wilson and Franklin D. Roosevelt and the world wars:
• foreign policies prior to United States entry into the wars
• preserving civil liberties while protecting national security during the war
• planning a role for the United States in world affairs after the war
2013.08Foreign Policy (Cold War)
Marshall Plan (1947–1952)
• establishment of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization [NATO] (1949)
• intervention in Korea (1950–1953)
• blockade of Cuba (1962)
escalation of the Vietnam War (1964–1973)
• visit of President Richard Nixon to China (1972)
• pursuit of the Strategic Defense Initiative [SDI] (1983–1989)
Controversial issues:
• ratification of the Constitution
• purchase of the Louisiana Territory
• expansion of slavery into the territories
2013.06Foreign Policy — National Interests
• fighting the Mexican-American War (1846–1848)
• declaring war on Spain (1898)
• implementing the Open Door Policy (1899)
• building the Panama Canal (1904–1914)
• carrying out the Marshall Plan (1947–1952)
• confronting the Soviets during the Cuban missile crisis (1962)
• fighting the Vietnam War (1964–1973)
• fighting the Persian Gulf War (1990–1991)
United States Supreme Court cases related to the civil liberties of African Americans:
• Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)
• Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954)
2013.01 Multiple-ChoiceGovernment (Congressional Legislation)1950's: Korean War, Montgomery bus boycott and Sputnik
2012.08Multiple-ChoiceReform Movements (Industrialization)Civil Liberties: Espionage and Sedition Acts (1917–1918), Executive
Order 9066 relocating Japanese Americans (1942), and USA Patriot Act (2001)
2012.06Multiple-ChoiceUnited States Foreign PolicyAbolitionist, Labor and Woman's Suffrage Movements
2012.01Multiple-ChoiceSupreme Court DecisionsCauses of the Civil War
2011.08Multiple-ChoiceGeography--Development of the United StatesSuffrage
2011.06Multiple-ChoiceConstitutional AmendmentsGreat Depression
2011.01Multiple-ChoiceDiversity (Constitutional Rights) [Supreme Court Cases]Cold War
2010.08Multiple-ChoicePresidential ActionsGeographic factors effect on history
2010.06Multiple-ChoiceTechnology [inventions]Reform movement--women's rights, temperance and child labor
2010.01Multiple-ChoiceIndividuals, Groups, Institutions--Writing and ReformWater resources effect on American history
2009.08Multiple-ChoiceGovernment--Supreme Court DecisionsGeorge Washington, Abraham Lincoln and Franklin D. Roosevlet
2009.06Multiple-ChoiceConstitutional Principles--Individual Rights [groups that have faced discrimination]Effects of Industrialization
2009.01Multiple-ChoiceMovement of People--Migration [into or within the United States]The Warren Court (1953-1969)
2008.08Multiple-ChoiceGovernment Role in the EconomyThe effects of the automobile
2008.06Multiple-ChoiceChange [individuals other than presidents]Civil War, Bonus March and Little Rock Crisis
2008.01Multiple-ChoiceChange--War [effects of war on American society]Reform movements--abolition, Progressives, Populists, temperance, suffragettes, child labor
2007.08Multiple-ChoiceContribution of Individuals to American Life [20th Century]Industrialization
2007.06Multiple-ChoiceChange--Industrialization [changes in American life]Women's Suffrage and Civil Rights Movements
2007.01Multiple-ChoiceInfluence of Geographic Factors on Governmental ActionsConflicts in Asia during the Cold War
2006.08Multiple-ChoiceMigration of Peoples [within the United States]The first fifteen years of the Cold War (1945-1960)
2006.06Multiple-ChoiceChange--Turning PointsMass media since 1900
2006.01Multiple-ChoiceIndividuals, Groups and Institutions--Controversial Issues [domestic issues]Expansion influenced by geography in the 19th and 20th centuries
2005.08Multiple-ChoiceCold WarGreat Depression
2005.06Multiple-ChoiceReform Movements in the United StatesForeign policy between World War I and World War II
2005.01Multiple-ChoiceForeign Policy [since 1900]Progressive reforms
2004.08Multiple-ChoiceReform Movements [since 1800]Westward expansion during the 1800's
2004.06Multiple-ChoiceGeography and United States Government ActionsCivil War and Reconstruction
2004.01Multiple-ChoiceConstitutional ChangeExpansion of educational opportunity over time

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